The Righteousness of God: His Wrath & Grace – Notes/Study Sheet

(Rom. 1:16-18)

 

Introduction:

   * More said about God’s love than His wrath in today’s preaching. Bible addresses both (Rom. 11:22).

   * “Wrath” only one aspect of God’s righteousness.

 

1. Wrath.

   * Thymos – “Boiling” anger.                        * Orge – “abiding and settled habit of mind.”

   * 2 terms together might mean:

   * Wrath: deliberate and measured reaction to sin.

   * God’s wrath is not inflicted impulsively. He’s longsuffering (Rom. 9:22). Examples:

      - Gen. 6:3 –

      - Gen. 18:26ff –

      - Ex. 34:6; Ps. 103:8 –

      - I Kings 21:29 –

      - Neh. 9:17 –

 

   * God’s patience is limited:

      - I Pet. 3:20 –

      - II Pet. 2:6 –

      - Matt. 3:12 –                                                        

      - Rom. 1:18 –                                           

      - Rev. 21:8; 22:15 –

 

      - “Righteous judgment” (Rom. 2:6; 6:23) –

      - God will do what’s right (Gen. 18:25).    * Christ will war in righteousness (Rev. 19:11) –

   * Righteous judgment will consider: knowledge (Lk. 12:47-48), abilities (Lk. 19:13ff); opportunities (Mt. 11); & law

      (Heb. 10:28-29). Understand: God doesn’t want anyone to perish eternally! (II Pet. 3:9).

   * Rom. 9:22 - having prepared themselves for destruction.

   * “Inherited sin” from Adam a false notion! (Eph. 2:3). Depravity results from one’s own sins, not Adam’s.

   * Man need not suffer the wrath of God! (Rom. 5:9).

   * Jesus is a righteous warrior (Rev. 19:11-16; see Isa. 63.). His anger undiluted (Rev. 14:10); nations are slain (II Thess.

      2:8); enemies are broken to pieces (Ps. 2:9; Rev. 2:27).

  

2. Grace.

   * “Charis,” related to “chairo,” meaning “to rejoice.” Came to mean “lovingkindness” as shown to an inferior.

   * Used in reference to God’s relationship/consideration of sinful man.

   * Salvation is the result of grace, but we must understand more & not pervert this truth.

   * God’s grace offered to all of humanity (Tit. 2:11). We access it through God’s plan of salvation (Rom. 5:1; 6:3-4, 17).

   * Grace is there (Tit. 2:11-12). We must learn Christianity (Jn. 8:32; Isa. 2:3; Jn. 6:45) & become Christians.

   * Receipt of God’s grace is conditional. Noah found grace (Gen. 6:8), but obedience saved him (Heb. 11:7; Gen. 6:22).

   * God extends grace. We must receive it (II Cor. 6:1).

   * Man cannot earn grace (Eph. 2:8-9). Even if we could, we’d still be unprofitable servants (Lk. 17:10).

   * Sin has caused us a debt we can’t repay (Mt. 18:24-27).

   * Grace is accessed through faith/obedience (Rom. 5:1-2; Eph. 2:8-9 – Jas. 2:26).

   * Eph. 2:8 – “saved by grace through faith.”  cleansed by the washing of water with the word” (Eph. 5:26). To receive

      grace, faith must be obedient – including water baptism.

   * Eternal life results from grace (I Pet. 3:7), but “newness of life” experienced upon arising from baptismal water (Rom.

      6:4). Obedience is vital.

   * Christ saves us through baptism (Titus 3:5).

   * We must continue in grace (Acts 13:43), else our acceptance of it was for naught (II Cor. 6:1; I Cor. 15:10).

   * Man can fall from grace! (I Cor. 10:12). Certain Christians (Gal. 3:26-27) were “severed from Christ” & “fallen away

      from grace” (Gal. 5:4; Heb. 12:5).

 

                                                                                                                                    R.W. McAlister 12/6/09 a.m.